History of Colchester
Scheregate, St John Street, Colchester, 1921
Reproduced courtesy of The Francis Frith Collection.
Welcome to the home page for the History of Colchester and its inhabitants.
Below you find links to a range of sources transcribed by History House. Further below under 'more family and local history sources' you will find additional links to help you.
For other locations in Essex use the 'Essex A to Z' in the navigation menu.
Pigot's Directory of Essex 1823
Pigot's Directory of Essex 1823 - list of inhabitants.
Poll of Voters 1826
Colchester inhabitants who voted in the 1826 general election held in the Borough of Maldon.
Freemen admitted between 1845 and 1866
Colchester inhabitants who were admitted as Freemen of the Borough between 1845 and 1866.
Poll of Voters 1847
Colchester inhabitants who voted in the 1847 general election.
White's Directory of Essex 1848
White's Directory of Essex 1848 - list of inhabitants.
Essex Almanac 1866
Essex Almanac of 1866 - a description of Colchester.
Colchester Criminal Cases
Court cases involving Colchester residents - ongoing project >>more.
Education in Colchester
Reports and returns on schools and education in Colchester.
Places to visit
Colchester Castle - 2000 years of history.
How Colchester was hit by the strongest earthquake in England's history.>>more
An account of the siege of Colchester during the English Civil War, from Daniel Defoe's tour of Essex.
Under the Poor Law of 1834, Colchester became part of the Colchester Union. See our article on researching your workhouse and pauper ancestors.
Images and Maps of Colchester
Photograph of Trinity House contributed by a History House reader.
For images of Colchester see our article on Essex Images for Family History.
For maps of Colchester see our article on Essex Maps for Family History.
More family and local history sources
New to researching your family tree or unsure where to find information? Take a look at our Your Ancestors section of the website. It contains tips, advice, links to resources, and stories.
Discover how to explore newspaper archives. With millions of pages now online, there is always the possibility of finding articles featuring your ancestors.
Ancestry.co.uk have now transcribed the entire collection of Essex parish registers. Search now on Ancestry for your Essex ancestors. Then on the results page click on ‘request image’ and you will be taken to the ERO website where you can purchase an image of the relevant page.
Visit our Parish Registers of Essex page for more information.
Find census returns for this location at Ancestry.co.uk.
Find census returns for this location at Findmypast.co.uk.
All types of objects relating to family history are sold on Ebay. Photographs, copies of Wills, house conveyancing, bills of sale, and much, much more. See our article Essex Ancestors on eBay
If you're looking for pictures of Colchester to add to your family tree album, then try Ebay. Link already formatted for Essex Postcards
The Essex Record Office 'ERO' is an excellent starting point for research. The ERO has an online catalogue by the name of Essex Archives Online which includes parish registers. Access to both via the ERO's homepage.
Also try FreeReg: a database of parish registers transcribed by volunteers. The Essex coverage is increasing each day.
Excellent detailed information on the history of Colchester appears in the Victorian Counties History on the British History Online web site: The Borough of Colchester, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 9: The Borough of Colchester (1994).
Colchester has several museums. Find out more on the Colchester Museums web site.
Colchester Archaeological Trust newspaper with archaeological news in the Colchester area and across Essex.
History of Medieval Colchester.
Index and photographs of gravestones in St Botolph's Church, Colchester and on St Botolph's war memorial
Web site on the history of Colchester Workhouse.
WW2: A Civilian in the Second World War. The war-time diaries of Eric J Rudsdale who was at the time the Curator's Assistant at Colchester Castle Museum. Published daily in blog format.
print published 1834